What is it, batik's techniques, patterns, clothes, photo

Content:

Creating a batik right at home

Cold batik

Hot batik

Sibori or Tai-Dai

Free painting

Aerography

Fashion clothes do it yourself

Batik is various tissue painting techniques manually. It is believed that for the first time this type of art appeared in Indonesia, but in other Asian countries it was also distributed and was widely used.

Batik - invented in Asia
Batik is widespread throughout Asia

The batik came to Europe only at the end of the 19th century, but was introduced into culture and creativity pretty slow. Nowadays, all the necessary tools and materials appeared for the batik, so everyone can master the technique of hand-painted. Despite the endless selection of finished painted fabrics, pick up the desired color, size, type and drawing is extremely difficult and not even possible. In this case, the picture is better to draw yourself.

Batik - manual drawing drawing
Batik - hand painted fabric

Creating masterpieces without leaving home

That is why we recommend paying attention to the batik, as a process-meditation process, learning a new one and creating a completely unique picture on the fabric that you can give a close person, you can decorate the interior of the house, you can create author's clothing!

Technique batik
With a bat, you can decorate the interior

There are five basic main techniques:

  • Cold batik;
  • Hot batik;
  • Sibori, Tai-Dai or a nodular painting;
  • Free painting;
  • Aerography;

Cold batik

The cold batik is considered one of the simple hand-painted techniques. On silk or cotton fabric pencil tolerate drawing. The whole drawing is not worth the redrawn - only contours will be needed. After that, the fabric is stretched into the subframe and fixed using the stationery buttons. The contours of the pattern suggest a reservation based on gasoline and paraffin. To do this, use a glass wand into which the required amount of reserve is gaining.

Cold batik
Working with a Cold Technology Batik

After that, they embark on the paint with special colors for fabric. The reserve protects paints from mixing. The main feature of the Cold Batik technique is clear contour lines. It is necessary to make them necessarily without skipping and breaking, otherwise the paint is spread beyond the drawing boundaries. The fabric after the end of the drawing should be dried, after which it can be washed, stroking and wear daily.

Batik Cold Technology
Cold batik It is always clear contours

Hot batik

Hot batik is a more complex technique, but it gives more opportunities for creativity. With the help of the Changting tool, the hot molten wax is applied to the fabric in those places where its staining is undesirable. Before the start of work, as in the cold battle, the contours of the pattern of the pencil pattern are applied to the fabric, and then pull it into the subframe. Frozen wax blocks paint spreading.

Working with batik
Creating a batik with Changting

After drying, the wax can be applied to the painted areas so that they do not hit it the second layer. It is recommended to make no more than four layers of wax, otherwise the silk can be spoiled. When the drawing is dry, the wax is removed using an iron and old newspapers - stroking, it moves from the fabric to paper and as a result of several approaches, it turns out the hand-painted thin and soft silk that can be worn, hang into the frame or decorate the furniture.

Hot batik
Batik - Hot Technology

Sibori or Tai-Dai

Sibori, Tai-Dai or a novel painting is a way of mechanical painting tissue with tie places that should not be painted. With this technique, you can get the right geometric pattern, create a large and small ornament, make simple, but abstract and unique pictures. This technique arose in India to this day is actively used in the textile industry.

Nodular batik
Nodular batik "Sibori"

The nodules on the fabric are tightly tied with ordinary thread, sometimes sprigs, bones, buttons or other parts, which will leave a special imprint. For convenience, the tissue is tied up around the pipe of any diameter. When the fabric is completely tied, it is covered with special paints for the fabric, pre-watered with water. After the paint is absorbed and soaked, the threads take off and give tissues to dry. The process can be accelerated by a hair dryer - then the paints are definitely not mixed between themselves during the natural drying. Sibori is great for decoration of clothing, bed linen, scarves, curtains and bags.

Sari in the technique of a nodule batik
Sari performed in a nodule batik technique

Batik - free painting

Free painting of fabric is limitless opportunities for fantasy and creativity. Silk stretches to the subframe and fixes with buttons, wetted with water. Without contours and borders, a drawing is applied by any paints: watercolor, gouache, acrylic, butter. The peculiarity of this technique is that the paints are always spread and mixed together. The greater the water on the canvas, the more vague drawing it turns out. It is very convenient if you draw in the style of expressionism, abstractionism, avant-garde.

Fabric drawing with paints
Batik is also an artistic painting of the fabric

Such a fabric is undesirable to erase or expose water after drying. To achieve clarity of lines and that the fabric still can be used for socks, you need to use acrylic paints for a batik, which are stroked the iron. Before free painting, the tissue is wetted with a salt solution so that the drawing is better to "grab", after which the salt is eliminated by washing in cold water. Do not forget to dry each layer. This will warn the unwanted vagueness.

Batik free appliances dyeing
Free fabric dyeing technique

Batik - Aerography

Aerography is a modern batik technique that is performed by a machine. The brushes are no longer needed - the airbrush itself sprays the paint of any color and shade, with any saturation, without touching the surface. The closer the hand to the canvas, the point is the color, and if you take it by 30-50 cm, then splashes appear in the picture. The airbrush greatly simplifies drawing and gives more opportunities. This technique often requires stencils to create clear contours and borders. Be careful with the airbrush and choose only those paints that are compatible with it.

Batik Aerography
Airbrush airbrush from airbrush

Fashion clothes batik do it yourself

Bach techniques can be combined and mixed. The fabric can be decorated with sparkles, pebbles, leaves, beads, use stencils, splashes and spray guns. The batik is very interesting to children and for several hours of moms can relax and engage in their affairs while children draw.

Drawing on fabric with children
Drawing or dyeing fabric - good entertainment for children

The biggest advantage of the batik today is that you can create a wardrobe with your own hands. Not trouble, if you do not have time - a ready-made assortment of female, male and children's clothes, bags, accessories can be found on our website. We have batik-clothes with sacred symbols, ethnic patterns, mandalas and tribal ornaments.

Dress in a nodule batik technique
Clothes in the technique of a nodular batik can be found in IndiaStyle

Masters selfishly disappear fabrics so that you can be fashionable and beautiful, both on the street and on your favorite music festival outside the city. Many things are presented in one instance!

Batik. 5 methods of application. Patterns, clothes, interior. Batik at home

Content:

Creating a batik right at home

Cold batik

Hot batik

Sibori or Tai-Dai

Free painting

Aerography

Fashion clothes do it yourself

Batik is various tissue painting techniques manually. It is believed that for the first time this type of art appeared in Indonesia, but in other Asian countries it was also distributed and was widely used.

Batik is widespread throughout Asia
Batik is widespread throughout Asia

The batik came to Europe only at the end of the 19th century, but was introduced into culture and creativity pretty slow. Nowadays, all the necessary tools and materials appeared for the batik, so everyone can master the technique of hand-painted. Despite the endless selection of finished painted fabrics, pick up the desired color, size, type and drawing is extremely difficult and not even possible. In this case, the picture is better to draw yourself

Batik - hand painted fabric
Batik - hand painted fabric

Creating masterpieces without leaving home

That is why we recommend paying attention to the batik, as a process-meditation process, learning a new one and creating a completely unique picture on the fabric that you can give a close person, you can decorate the interior of the house, you can create author's clothing!

With a bat, you can decorate the interior
With a bat, you can decorate the interior

There are five basic main techniques:

  • Cold batik;
  • Hot batik;
  • Sibori, Tai-Dai or a nodular painting;
  • Free painting;
  • Aerography;

Cold batik

The cold batik is considered one of the simple hand-painted techniques. On silk or cotton fabric pencil tolerate drawing. The whole drawing is not worth the redrawn - only contours will be needed. After that, the fabric is stretched into the subframe and fixed using the stationery buttons. The contours of the pattern suggest a reservation based on gasoline and paraffin. To do this, use a glass wand into which the required amount of reserve is gaining.

Working with a Cold Technology Batik
Working with a Cold Technology Batik

After that, they embark on the paint with special colors for fabric. The reserve protects paints from mixing. The main feature of the Cold Batik technique is clear contour lines. It is necessary to make them necessarily without skipping and breaking, otherwise the paint is spread beyond the drawing boundaries. The fabric after the end of the drawing should be dried, after which it can be washed, stroking and wear daily.

Cold batik It is always clear contours
Cold batik It is always clear contours

Hot batik

Hot batik is a more complex technique, but it gives more opportunities for creativity. With the help of the Changting tool, the hot molten wax is applied to the fabric in those places where its staining is undesirable. Before the start of work, as in the cold battle, the contours of the pattern of the pencil pattern are applied to the fabric, and then pull it into the subframe. Frozen wax blocks paint spreading.

Creating a batik with Changting
Creating a batik with Changting

After drying, the wax can be applied to the painted areas so that they do not hit it the second layer. It is recommended to make no more than four layers of wax, otherwise the silk can be spoiled. When the drawing is dry, the wax is removed using an iron and old newspapers - stroking, it moves from the fabric to paper and as a result of several approaches, it turns out the hand-painted thin and soft silk that can be worn, hang into the frame or decorate the furniture.

Batik - Hot Technology
Batik - Hot Technology

Sibori or Tai-Dai

Sibori, Tai-Dai or a novel painting is a way of mechanical painting tissue with tie places that should not be painted. With this technique, you can get the right geometric pattern, create a large and small ornament, make simple, but abstract and unique pictures. This technique arose in India to this day is actively used in the textile industry.

Nodular batik "Sibori"
Nodular batik "Sibori"

The nodules on the fabric are tightly tied with ordinary thread, sometimes sprigs, bones, buttons or other parts, which will leave a special imprint. For convenience, the tissue is tied up around the pipe of any diameter. When the fabric is completely tied, it is covered with special paints for the fabric, pre-watered with water. After the paint is absorbed and soaked, the threads take off and give tissues to dry. The process can be accelerated by a hair dryer - then the paints are definitely not mixed between themselves during the natural drying. Sibori is great for decoration of clothing, bed linen, scarves, curtains and bags.

Sari performed in a nodule batik technique
Sari performed in a nodule batik technique

Batik - free painting

Free painting of fabric is limitless opportunities for fantasy and creativity. Silk stretches to the subframe and fixes with buttons, wetted with water. Without contours and borders, a drawing is applied by any paints: watercolor, gouache, acrylic, butter. The peculiarity of this technique is that the paints are always spread and mixed together. The greater the water on the canvas, the more vague drawing it turns out. It is very convenient if you draw in the style of expressionism, abstractionism, avant-garde.

Batik is also an artistic painting of the fabric
Batik is also an artistic painting of the fabric

Such a fabric is undesirable to erase or expose water after drying. To achieve clarity of lines and that the fabric still can be used for socks, you need to use acrylic paints for a batik, which are stroked the iron. Before free painting, the tissue is wetted with a salt solution so that the drawing is better to "grab", after which the salt is eliminated by washing in cold water. Do not forget to dry each layer. This will warn the unwanted vagueness.

Free fabric dyeing technique
Free fabric dyeing technique

Batik - Aerography

Aerography is a modern batik technique that is performed by a machine. The brushes are no longer needed - the airbrush itself sprays the paint of any color and shade, with any saturation, without touching the surface. The closer the hand to the canvas, the point is the color, and if you take it by 30-50 cm, then splashes appear in the picture. The airbrush greatly simplifies drawing and gives more opportunities. This technique often requires stencils to create clear contours and borders. Be careful with the airbrush and choose only those paints that are compatible with it.

Airbrush airbrush from airbrush
Airbrush airbrush from airbrush

Fashion clothes batik do it yourself

Bach techniques can be combined and mixed. The fabric can be decorated with sparkles, pebbles, leaves, beads, use stencils, splashes and spray guns. The batik is very interesting to children and for several hours of moms can relax and engage in their affairs while children draw.

Drawing or dyeing fabric - good entertainment for children
Drawing or dyeing fabric - good entertainment for children

The biggest advantage of the batik today is that you can create a wardrobe with your own hands. Not trouble if you do not have time for it - a ready-made assortment of female, male and children's clothes, bags, accessories can be found on Our website . We have batik-clothes with sacred symbols, ethnic patterns, mandalas and tribal ornaments.

Clothes in the technique of a nodular batik can be found in IndiaStyle
Clothes in the technique of a nodular batik can be found in IndiaStyle

Masters selfishly disappear fabrics so that you can be fashionable and beautiful, both on the street and on your favorite music festival outside the city. Many things are presented in one instance!

I think that this article will be useful and interesting to all batik lovers, as well as beginners who are still going to get acquainted with this amazing art - painting fabrics.

The idea for an article was ripe for me after the next exhibition. And the future students ask questions on the Internet: what technique is better to start learning, what dyes are used in the batik? I have an article about Main types of dyes >>

I want to note separately, as it is often asked such a question that the type of dye, which you choose to work with the fabric, does not have anything to do with the most painting technique itself. The type of dye is important when choosing a fabric on which you are going to work.

So, we turn to the painting techniques themselves in batik.

The most common technique and technique with which battles usually begins - "Cold Batik" . You can still meet the name "European batik". The basis of the technique is that with the help of a glass tube (or tube) a special reserving composition is applied to create a closed pattern of the pattern. Next, inside this closed contour, the painting of the elements of dyes.

You will need for this technique the following materials and tools.

1. Silk (cotton, wool).

2. Dyes for fabric.

3. Reserving composition (may be color).

4. Glass tube for applying reservation composition.

5. Frame for working with a cloth.

6. Brushes.

Fascinating Batika Main Machinery, Materials and Tools, Photo No. 1

Something this technique looks like a stained glass painting. Mural options inside the contours are also a lot. It can be very picturesque, and maybe uniformly. The batik is also interesting, which allows even within one technique to vary the end result. Work can have a very picturesque view, and maybe decorative and applied.

Second, very common technique - Hot batik . It is called so, not because we fix the dyes of steam (I often ask such a question), and because we create a drawing with a hot, molten wax. Actually hot batik - the ancestor of the entire batik. In Indonesia, from where a batik came to us, cotton fabrics painted with a dye and hot wax.

You will need materials and tools.

1. Silk (wool, cotton).

2. Candles household (wax-vapor) are melted in a water bath.

3. Dyes for fabric.

4. Changing and brushes to work with wax (bristle).

5. Brushes for dyes.

6. Frame for working with a cloth.

Fascinating Batika Main Machinery, Materials and Tools, Photo No. 2

The basis of the methodology is a layer closure of the velocity of the regiments of the regions, work goes from light to the dark. It is very important in this technique to be able to calculate the colorful layers, because dyes for batik are mixed with each other. This means that if you have the first layer of red, then when applying the next blue layer, it will not succeed, and it turns out purple. All this and many other nuances will tell you the master on the master class.

Chibori. or Nodular batik , sometimes occurs on the Internet name Tai Dai . Very common technique, technique that is suitable for absolutely everyone, after all, it is not necessary to draw in it at all! The drawing is created using cunning flavors and tissue fabrics. Figure options are a huge set. Moreover, each time the drawing is happening a little bit like that, even when using the same addition and alone and the same dyes. Therefore, the masters always write under such work that the repeat is impossible, and it is possible to work in about such a color scheme.

You will need.

1. Silk (cotton, wool).

2. Dyes for fabric.

3. Threads.

4. Brushes.

Fascinating Bach World Main appliances, materials and tools, photo № 3

The most important thing in this technique is to be able to beautifully select the color combinations. You can engage in such equipment with children, even small. It is impossible to spoil the work.

Equipment Free mural Already for "advanced users." This technique is very similar to watercolor, except that the dyes are strongly spreading on silk. And the task of the master is just to be able to "doubt" this paint, to force the flow and spread as it is necessary to create a definite picture.

We will need for this work.

1. Silk (cotton, wool).

2. Dyes for fabric.

3. Brushes.

4. Frame for working with a cloth.

Fascinating Batika Main Machinery, Materials and Tools, Photo No. 4

Separately, I want to note that there are varieties of this technique - salt soil painting When silk is ground with a strong brine. Due to this, the dye practically ceases to spread through the fabric, and after drying the dye, beautiful slices of salt appear in the figure.

And also for free painting techniques, manufacturers offer us various Grids anti-racners . On the tissue primed by such a composition, you can work as watercolor on paper.

Fascinating Batika Main Machinery, Materials and Tools, Photo No. 5

Separate from the main technician, I want to note the technique of co-print. It differs from the main fact that the drawing is not obtained by special dyes for the batik, but with the help of natural plants and various dors.

We will need for such work.

1. Silk (cotton, wool).

2. Fresh leaves of various plants.

3. Drives.

Fascinating Bach World Main appliances, materials and tools, photo № 6

All described techniques can be combined in one work, which most often experienced masters and make.

Fascinating Bach World Main appliances, Materials and Tools, Pictures No. 7

I hope my article will be useful for beginners and batik lovers.

All creative success and good mood!

Batik - what it is, description of the technology of painting on the fabric, the necessary materials and tools

Avatar of the author Elizaveta Rumyantseva

Elizabeth Rumyantsev

For diligence and art there is nothing impracticable.

To decorate the material there are several ways, one of the most popular is a batik. Under this name implies a hand-painted tissue with the use of so-called, redundant compositions. Drawings created by their own hands are obtained not only beautiful, but also spectacular. In addition, this is a great way to take your free time and captivated with this creativity.

What is batik

The term batik is a generalized name of various ways of hand-painted fabric. As the basis of this technique, the principle of reservation is used, i.e. Covering with a special makeup of those places of material that should remain unexpeted so that the desired pattern is in the end. For clear contours (boundaries), a special fixer is used called a reserve manufactured on the basis of gasoline, paraffin, water base.

The technique is based on the fact that rubber glue, paraffin and some types of resins and varnishes, which are applied to matter and do not pass through themselves the coloring agent. As for the matter, for the painting of which the batik technique is used, they are cotton, silk, wool and synthetics. For clothing with a signed surface, for example, T-shirts, there are several types of batik.

Story

Motherland hand-painted on fabric using the reserve is the island of Java (Indonesia). Translated from the Javanese technique, a batik means a drop of wax. This type of painting has long been known among the peoples of modern Indonesia and India. In general, humanity is engaged in creating a drawing on fabrics from time immemorial. Different methods of maternity painting were known in Sumer, Japan, Peru, Indochite, on Sri Lanka and some African countries.

Despite the fact that the creation of drawings on matter was known in different regions of the world, the birthday batik in the modern understanding of this technique is considered to be Java. The masters of this Indonesian island were able to achieve unprecedented heights and delight in terms of staining fabrics. They managed to make whole art in a short time from this craft. For the creation of one canvase from the masters could be held months, and even years. This is due to the multi-stage phase of the preparation of matter: soaking, boiling, bleaching, a long process of staining with waxing, coloring, drying.

Berber batik

Due to the duration of the process, the original clothing that was covered with the patterns with a batik, only aristocrats were wore. The masters of the island of Java used cotton fabrics, passing the secrets of the crafts from generation to generation. An interesting feature is that patterns of different families could differ significantly from each other. The patterns performed had a diverse topics: from plant ornaments and geometric patterns to mythological plots. On the northern coast of the island, brighter shades are used than in the central part.

It is reliably known that in drawings on clothing it was possible to determine which caste there is one or another person. Repeat traditional royal ornaments were forbidden. Each girl in his attacked must have had things decorated with a batik technology. For example, colorful matter, curtain, wall panels, wardrobe items. Even today, the peoples of Java's clothing from hand-written materials enjoys great demand, often it is manufactured for commercial purposes.

In the XVII century, when Java became a Dutch colony, the batik begins to enter the countries of Europe. In the future, the Europeans invented the electric device of the batik-pin, with which it was possible to store wax in the molten state. In 1801, Jose-Marie Jacquar created an automatic machine with special champions, thanks to which the possibility of producing canvas with drawings created by artists. Thanks to this, the batik technique moved to a new level. She gained the most popular in Europe only at the end of the XIX century.

Drawing on fabric

Views

The tissue painting technique is divided into several types, depending on which materials are used, and what stages must be overcome to get a surface with a spectacular pattern. The peculiarity of this or that type is that one option is ideal for synthetic fibers, the second - for decorating silk, etc. You can read the differences in more detail with their differences below:

  • Hot batik. Wax applies as a reserve. For its application, a special tool is used, called captain. Wax helps to limit the spread of the coloring substance, because Does not absorb it. This type of painting is called hot due to the fact that the wax used in it is necessarily melted. Application of paint is carried out in several layers, at the end of operation, the wax is carefully removed. This method is used to paint cotton fabric.
  • Cold view. Ideal for decorating artificial materials, silk. The technique use paints made on the basis of aniline. The reserve is thick, if there are rubber components in its composition, when gasoline acts as the basis. Rubber are applied from tubes, and gasoline with glass tubes. In addition, both color and colorless reserves can be used. A cold look implies a single-layer paint application, in connection with which, work requires the performer greater accuracy compared to hot technology.
  • Free painting. Widely applied on materials from natural silk and synthetic fibers. For her, the masters often use oil paints and aniline dyes.
  • Folding batik "Sibori". The peculiarity of this species is that the master performs the transfer of matter in a certain way, and only after that stains it.
  • A knotted look. In this case, on the painted tissue, first make a variety of small novels, bandaging each of them thread. After staining the surface, they are gently cleaned.

Technique implementation

First of all, paints are applied to the canvas so that clear and clear boundaries come out at the junction of different shades. For this purpose, the reserve is used, i.e. Special gasoline-based fixer, paraffin, etc. - The composition varies depending on the chosen technique, material, paints. Basically allocate the following types of techniques:

  • cold;
  • hot;
  • free painting;
  • Free painting with the use of saline.

Cold batik

Painting on tissue batik, like a hobby, is mainly patient people, because This process is time consuming and long. One of the popular techniques is cold, which appeared much later than hot, with the development of the chemical industry. Her appearance simplified work. The role of wax in cold appliances perform special reserves that do not need to heat, etch and apply again.

To work, you will need to create a separate workplace. An ideal option is a well-ventilated room, such as a balcony. This is due to the fact that the pairs of reserving substances have not quite good effect on health. If you are going to use painted material for use in the form of a tablecloth, scarf, etc., then you need to make paint consolidation: baking in the oven, blaming on a water bath without contact with condensate / water, iron. If this is not done, then with the first wash, all the work will be cleaned. You will need:

  • simple pencil;
  • reserve (black), glass tube for it;
  • Calano brushes, aniline formulations;
  • buttons, subframe;
  • Natural silk (tightness).
Painting on silk

Decide with the choice of sketch, for it you will need a sheet of thin paper. If you want something spectacular, then give preference to colors. Applying elements on the cloth, try to draw them so that each of them has a closed outline. Apply the backup to the contours is needed without delay, but without a rush. Sequencing:

  1. For starters, fold the matter, then pull the pre-dried cloth on the subframe using the buttons.
  2. Take the glass tube, fill it with the reserve. Apply the composition on the contours of the elements.
  3. To increase the number of shades, dilute the same paint with different amounts of water. Use jars from yogurt, disposable cups.
  4. Take painting colors (from light to dark tone) and background.
  5. Take the salt, pour it the cloth and let him dry. Shake salt and after the matter dries, remove it from the subframe.
  6. After 24 hours, boil the canvas (about 3 hours), comprehend in warm soapy water.
  7. Be sure to rinse the creation by adding a bit of vinegar into the water. Gently press the product and swing it while it is wet.
  8. After the completion of the procedure, blow the reserve back to the container, and rinse the glass tube in gasoline. Otherwise, the residues of the composition harden, and the tool will become unsuitable for further use.

Hot

Batik on clothes looks beautiful and spectacular. Deciding to join such a hobby, pay attention to the hot way. It is suitable for those who do not like painstakingly paint every piece of the canvas, setting up for this business for several hours. Even without big effort you can get a canvas, from which exclusive skirts, shawls and even costumes. Work with such a technique is carried out with wax, stearin, paraffin or mixture thereof molten on fire, so be careful. List of tools that may be needed when decorating the web:

  • natural fabric, for example, cotton, wool, silk;
  • cardboard stencil;
  • painting products for tissue painting;
  • a glass of water;
  • wax, channting;
  • Tassels, rubber gloves;
  • Cherofan, newspapers:
  • Hairdryer or Iron.

To work, you better wear clothes, which will not mind will spoil, because Paint for fabric is practically not abandoned. Alternatively, put on the waterproof apron. Hot Baltic Technology consists of the following actions:

  1. To apply one of the listed solutions on the web, use the special tool - captain. It looks like a thin tip. Although, recently, widespread use of brushes, with the help of which smears and point drops on the fabric are applied. After that, on top you need to apply a layer of paint.
  2. Next, you can again apply wax and other paint type for some zones. So that the patterns have become ordered, use stamps that need to dip in molten wax. You can use 2-3 tones and more.
  3. Once the paint is dry, get rid of wax. For this purpose, put a newspaper on the fabric and swing it - it should absorb the molten substance. Then put a new newspaper and repeat the procedure. It is necessary to do this until the wax on the canvas remains at all.
Picture in technique hot batik

Free painting

Thanks to this technique, the batik can be shown all its abilities in the field of drawing, because Here you can not form a drawing on some specific template. With the help of free painting, an individual and unique work is created. Basically, such type of technology is practiced using oil paints with special solvents or aniline dyes. You can even put experiments by adding somewhere salt effect or backup composition, or using alcohol-containing substances to moisturize the fabric. Ways of free painting in a batik:

  • paints, thickener of reserving fluid;
  • with the help of paints, salt mortar;
  • printed paints;
  • oil paints;
  • Silk, attracting thickeners.

Free painting with saline

The essence of this technique is that the fabric stretched on the frame, depending on the specific pattern, is impregnated with an aqueous solution of salt (cooking) and after drying it is made of painting of the canvas. In some cases, it is carried out by paints from the main dyes in which the salt solution was introduced. Such an approach helps to limit the spread of paint on the fabric and provides the ability to create drawings with free strokes. In this case, you can vary both the shape and the degree of saturation of one or another color.

It should be added that the free painting with paints, which introduced a solution of the cooking salt, can be successfully combined with the usual painting with a cold battle. For this purpose, some fragments of the drawing create free painting with a refinement with a graphic pattern. Background floors in this case are carried out in areas that are limited to the reserve. Instead of salt, gelatin or starch can be used as soil. Deciding to go deep into this craft and try to create a spectacular drawing in this way, prepare the following tools, materials:

  • Aniline dyes:
  • saline;
  • Cutout of silk fabric, which is stretched on the frame;
  • sketch of future work;
  • brushes for working with paints of different thickness, floss brushes for impregnation of material, synthetics;
  • Pipette for the fence of paint, water for washing with brushes;
  • palette;
  • Soft pencil 8B.

To prepare a salt solution, take a pair of tablespoons of salt on a glass of water. It is necessary to breed salt in hot water in an enameled or glassware so that all crystals dissolve. Depending on the task set, apply a preliminary painting with a very soft pencil on a stretched silk. The painting on the salt solvent consists of three stages:

  1. Painting in raw. Prepare the desired colors on the palette before the silk is soaked with salt solution. In addition, for dilution of paints, use only a saline solution. While silk still raw, wide touch or brush strokes, apply paints into your places. On very wet fabric, paint will begin to spread unexpected forms.
  2. Painting on semi-dry silk and stains of the second plan. While the silk is wet and salt crystals are formed on it, you can achieve picturesque effects. The paint does not understand the uncontrollable in all directions, but the trail will remain from the brushes, which is subsequently vague. This is especially ideal for imitation of natural textures.
  3. Graphic drawing of parts belonging to the first plan. As soon as the saline solution is dry, the fabric will become crispy, and the paint is barely noticeably spread over it. Continue the performance of the drawing parts by applying short strokes or by setting different stain size.
Silk Painting

Batik for beginners

By painting fabrics, you will definitely feel your involvement in high art, especially when you begin to get spectacular patterns and drawings on the fabric. Over time, you can develop your own design and style in which different items of your wardrobe will be withstanding. Newcomers are better to stay on the technique of a cold batik, because The hot version is more complicated, time consuming. Strictly adhere to technology so that the work performed has the necessary quality:

  • Initially, you will need to pull the fabric on the frame so that it does not save. Masters Batik often stretch the wet cloth, because After drying, it is done more elastic.
  • Prepare a sketch that draw a pencil on paper.
  • Next, the sketch is translated to matter. For this purpose, the paper is fixed under matter so that the pattern lines can be bought on a canvas with a soft pencil.
  • Circuit contours using the redundant composition. To dial the reserve, lower the nose of a glass tube into a container with a contour liquid, and insert a fringe (rubber) to another end - with its help, the liquid will be absorbed into the tube.
  • Then check the outline. After complete drying of the reserving composition, it is necessary to walk in the water in the water throughout the figure on one side of the contour, and after some time make sure that the water has not moved over the reserve line. If you find places where the outline will be weak, then after complete drying of the matter again, pass the reserve for these zones.
  • On the sixth step, make painting painting. Be extremely neat.
  • At the end, remove the work with the frame and secure the batik with stroking, baking, or as an option, you can disparage (fervent) in a water bath.

What you need to cook for first classes

Before starting to master one of the batik technician, prepare the appropriate accessories. At the same time, remember that the success of fastening colors depends on the quality of the paints used. In any case, wash clothes with a battle is needed in cool water with the addition of a small amount of vinegar. For first classes, you will need:

  • Flash or frame. If you plan to put the painting on a small area, then prefer the styers for embroidery. If you are going to work with a big format, then prepare a special frame for a batik - a regular subframe is suitable. Fabbed the fabric on the frame is needed on the hooks that go with it complete. As for the subframe, it is possible to consolidate the fabric on it with a thread and needle, and do it so that the fabric does not come into contact with the frame. An easier option is to fasten the fabric with a furniture stapler (not suitable for silk) or buttons.
  • Paper. Prepare a sheet (or several) thin paper to make a preliminary sketch. The sheet size should be equal to the area of ​​the pattern on the canvas.
  • The cloth. Thin natural fabrics like silk, batistar, bits are best suited. Tight material does not fit, because The redundant composition may not pass through thick fibers, as a result of which the "explosion" of the paint appears - one color will begin to move on the edges and the other zone. Beginner artists are recommended to stop the choice on the batter.
  • Materials, tools. In a standard batik set there is a reserve, a glass tube for it and paint. In some sets, the contour fluid is found, ready to apply - poured into a tube with a thin tip. You can cook the reserve yourself, but this occupation is not only time-consuming, but also fire hazardous.
Silk fabric

Pictures for batik for beginners

Relatively simple options for newbies is a drawing in the form of a composition of colors. It looks great on children's and adult clothes, canvases that decorated the premises. To make a whole bouquet on the matter, follow these steps:

  1. Draw three ovals of different sizes;
  2. In the center of each oval, depict a wavy floral core, and at the bottom - stem;
  3. Draw around each core on the flower;
  4. Position at the top with the right side of the Bud flowers;
  5. Make more voluminous stems, try to each of them leaves;
  6. Draw the leaves and around the flowers;
  7. At the end neatly erase all auxiliary circles.

Another equally interesting and rapid version is a bouquet of roses. To get such a sketch, draw several circles on paper, after which we convert each of them into the dissolved multi-layer bud. Practice on paper so that later you could draw roses with reserve on matter from the first time. Draw bouquets of flowers on the canvas will have to be without any auxiliary lines.

Video

TitleCold batik

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Batik: What it is, history and types of tissue painting

Batik: What it is, history and types of tissue painting

Many creative personalities who created a mass of masterpieces on canvas, the unquisite number of clay figures, created a lot of plot compositions on wooden surfaces are ready to show their gift and in other directions. For some, they will become interesting work in the technique of scrapbooking, others will appreciate calligraphy, and the third will come delight from the batik.

What it is?

Batik is a generalized term, involving several methods of manual drawing on various types of fabric material. The basis of the described technique is taken by the principle of reservation. Speaking with simple words A drawing is applied to the fabric, the circuit of which is coated with a reservitory composition that prevents spreading coloring substances over the surface of the base. Thanks to this particular, the masters create patterns of any complexity.

The special composition of the fixer is used as a border separator, called the artistic world reserve. The main components in its manufacture are gasoline, paraffin and water base.

Batik's execution technique is based on that Composite parts of the reserve, namely paraffin, rubber glue, various resins, do not allow the painting of the composition to pass through themselves. For the work for the work of the working facility, cotton material, silk, woolen and synthetic fabric are used. Most often creative personalities try to transform clothing, such as T-shirts or jeans.

To upgrade old items of wardrobe, kitchen towels and rag accessories, hand-painted equipment for tissue is considered indispensable, while in the batik there are several types of execution, allowing to work with different types of tissue and coloring compositions.

When creating a creative masterpiece, artistic natures are laid out at the maximum. Ready works are obtained unique, bright and unique. It is worth noting that many artists who professionally engaged in painting on tissue managed to create their own clothing line, repeat which is not possible.

History of origin

The place of the birth of hand painted on the fabric is the island of Java. The very designation "Batik" in the literal translation means "wax drops". The represented technique of painting is known to the Indonesian people for a long time. Many of them still decorate their clothes, relatives costumes and fabric household items unique drawings.

In principle, humanity has long been engaged in creating images on tissue canvases. Various methods of applying painting material on the fabric were known in the Sumer, were used in Japan, Peru. On Sri Lanka and in some parts of the African continent, the technique of applying paints on the fabric paid special attention.

Despite the fact that the technology of applying images on matter was familiar to different peoples, Indonesian masters were the first to comprehend the multiple thoughtless of the technique and reached unprecedented heights in working on staining matter. In a short period of time, they managed to turn the usual room craft into a whole direction of art.

A single month was spent on making an image of one canvase. Some rather complicated drawings were created by artists for several years. And it is not connected with the laziness of the master. Mostly all tied to multistage stages of the preparation of the main material. To begin with, it was necessary to soak, then boil. Snow-white fabric, which was most often used to create masterpieces, was required to whiten. Then the sketch was applied to the fabric, along the contour of which was treated with wax.

After his drying, the artist could start creating colorful masterpieces. The last stage of the work was the drying of the canvas. Due to the long and painstaking process of creating drawings, painted clothing was initially carried only aristocrats and representatives of noble families.

Masters of the island of Java did not want to draw the technique of drawing on the fabric after a few decades of years turned out to be forgotten. For this reason, they transferred the secrets of creative craft to their offspring. Creative yavans even conducted experiments, trying to reproduce the same drawings on identical types of fabric. Only from this nothing happened. Ready works had similar features between themselves, and still it was clearly visible the difference in drawing a different person.

In those long-standing times, novice masters of the batik initially used herbal ornaments, the execution of which did not require much difficulty. Having gained experience, the task of painting on the tissue followed by images with geometric patterns, and then begin the execution of plot lines from mythological stories.

Scientific historians, after familiarizing and studying the occurrence of the equipment, the batik claims, according to the images applied to the man's clothes, it became clear to which class he belongs. It was strictly forbidden to redraw royal patterns.

Even in the attached future bride should have been at least one thing, designed with the help of the batik. It could be curtains, panels, any elements of the wardrobe. And since more time, this rule has not changed.

To date, the Indonesian people have a special popularity of wardrobe, written manually. Due to the increased demand for clothing, clothing began to make for implementation in order to profit. It is important to note that in the XVII century, the batik began to be exported from Java to Europe. Europeans appreciated the method of applying images on the fabric and to simplify the work of the masters invented a special unit - batik-pin. He helped keep wax in liquid form a long period of time.

And already in 1801, an automatic device with chapels was created, thanks to which a person could create a canvas with ready-made sketches of images. Such a breakthrough played a serious role in the history of the batik, because the execution technique began to rapidly raise the steps of the craft, and the maximum peak of popularity in the countries of the European continent acquired in the XIX century.

Views

Batik is the general name of the technique of applying a variety of images on the fabric, involving several ways of execution, on which the items used and the steps of work depend. The peculiarity of each individual type of batik is that the first way is ideal for work with synthetic matter, the other is indispensable to create masterpieces on silk. In order for the novice master to figure out in the subtleties and nuances of the work, it is proposed to carefully examine each individual species of painting techniques.

Hot batik

With this method, a reservitory composition prepared on the basis of wax is used. He is applied to the cloth by checking. It penetrates deep into the fibers of matter and dries quickly, thereby creating a robust boundary for which the coloring composition will not be able to grow. The wax itself used for edging images is pre-melted. The coloring compositions are applied in several layers so that the color gamut of the drawing is bright and saturated.

The last stage of the work is to remove the redundant mass. The hot way of execution of the picture in most cases is used for painting cotton matter.

Cold batik

A suitable way to create decorative images on silk. For quality work it is necessary to use coloring substances, Aniline-based. The redundant composition used for the cold method can be thick or liquid.

A thick consistency suggests that the basis of its composition is rubber elements. In the liquid reserve the base is the gasoline component. At the same time, the thick mass is stored in tubes with a thin spout, through which the substance is applied to the contour of the pattern. The liquid substance is bottled using a special glass tube.

It is worth noting that the cold batik involves the use of not only a colorless reservation composition, but also of non-ferrous substances. The coloring substances on the fabric are applied with one layer, which is why the master must be maximally accuracy during the work.

Free painting

This variety of batik is widely used on natural silk and synthetic fiber tissues. Oil paints or dyes made on the basis of aniline are used as painting makers of the wizard.

Nodular batik

A rather interesting and very common way to fulfill unusual images on the fabric. Matter is tied in several nodules, each of which is consistently tied to the thread. Colleging agents are applied on top. After complete drying, the threads are cut off, and the nodes are unleashed.

Chibori batik

The presented method of execution of extraordinary images on the fabric will be able to use any person, not even with an artistic vein, although creative notes are present in each individual personality.

The prepared material initially tills, after twisted, then tightened and wounded. After these manipulations, the cloth is immersed in the coloring composition. By deploying a cloth after drying, the performer will certainly lose the gift of speech. Similarly, you can paint any fabric materials, clothing, bags and more.

Tools and materials

Despite the seeming ease of execution of a picturesque drawing on the fabric material, the batik involves the use of a wide variety of tools and materials that are obliged to attend the artist's arsenal.

Fabric for basics

Material for drawing can be the most different, although natural fabrics are most preferred, for example, silk. Beginner masters are better to use artificial matter, for example, Chiffon or touches . The cloth selected for work should be preloaded, then fix on the frame, slightly stretching it.

Due to this, the coloring composition penetrates deep into the fibers and paints the fabric as much as possible.

Stretcher

Unfortunately, without this subject it is impossible to do. After all, the cloth selected for work should expect staining in the stretched state. Subframes for a batik in appearance resemble window frames, where on one side of the plane there is a SCOS so that the stretched tissue does not concern its base. If there is no subframe, you can use the sliding frame. You can buy it in a specialized boutique.

The important advantage of the sliding subframe is In the ability to change the length and width of the working area. Experienced masters who have high qualifications in the batik technique use the chamber.

Only the tension on them is not as the maximum, as I would like. In addition, small sizes of the hoops significantly narrow the possibilities of the creator of the masterpiece.

Pussy

To perform work in the technique of batik, they are considered the most important and main tools. Therefore, they can not save. Yes, and acquire budget sets of brushes of different sizes undesirable. When applying the coloring composition, the tip of the brush should smoothly and finely move along the base of the web, and the incorrect shape of the pile can spoil the artistic intent.

The same applies to hairs from the beam. Brushes intended for painting on the fabric are quite expensive. Only craftsmen will have to spend once to fulfill several hundred works.

Painting composition

Turning to any art boutique, a novice master will be able to get acquainted with a variety of paints designed for batik. Only it is best to acquire paints on an acrylic basis and water-soluble painting compositions. Moreover, water-soluble is much better suitable for thin species of matter. Consistency acrylic paints resemble gouache and are used to work with dense tissues.

Glass tube

The tool used to apply the reserve by the contour of the pattern on the canvases. By purchasing a glass tube, you need to pay attention to the nose diameter. Than he thinner, the extension band is already obtained between colors.

Paraffin or wax reserve

These materials are used in the performance of hot batik. Some masters prefer to work exclusively with the wax, others mix it with paraffin. And all because clean wax is very difficult to be cleared at the end of work. Say sure how much the reserve will be required to work, it is impossible.

Contours

Typically, this material is used to execute the work in the cold batik. Acquire them in the same place where coloring compositions. Contours, like a separate material, are offered to masters in various variations of effects and color gamut.

Professionals advise not to acquire many different types of contours at once. It is better to wait for a muse and tell me the idea to create a masterpiece. Long lying without the need of contours, unfortunately, dry out.

Chanting

A tool designed to work with liquid wax.

Buttons

Used to fix stretched tissue on the frame. Can be purchased In any stationery store. They can be oblong in shape or metal with a round cap. In this case, you can use any fasteners that are convenient to use the Master itself.

Various little things

In this case, simple pencils are assumed, the palette, which allows mixing different coloring compositions, tracing, eraser, markers, thanks to which it turns out to circulate the pattern of the planned pattern, the twine or ordinary threads, allowing you to create a nodule batik, alcohol, hairdryer and water, preferably without impurities.

New mastery

To date, art stores are constantly updated with various materials and tools that allow the work to facilitate the workman. The presented new items make it possible to turn into reality the most complex fantasies of the artist. One of these innovations is Phantom Marker . After applying the image on the fabric and processing it with reserving composition and coloring elements, the marker evaporates. Sustainable in demand among artists began to use strong claws holding the basis on subframes However, they do not damage the fabric and do not leave holes.

Fans of equipment Hot batik will appreciate steam bath for wax with electrical connection . For creative personalities engaged in batik professionally, created Aerograph With a number of features, allowing to spray the coloring composition along the tissue surface in large quantities. A distinctive feature of the airbrush is to uniformly applying paints to the working surface. Drying ambassador on the finished figure there are no gradient stains and drips.

Execution technique for beginners

Beginner masters, as well as persons who do not have artistic education, but those who want to show themselves in art, will be able to create extraordinary masterpieces, applying the most interesting variety of equipment Batik to decorate a canvase or clothing.

Moreover, it is not necessary to have a special workshop, it is enough to make a small working corner at home, where no one will prevent you and will not disturb. A few hours of privacy will allow to create an unusual drawing on the fabric with their own hands.

Cold batik

The presented version of the tissue is suitable for people who have patience, as the work process itself is quite laborious and takes a lot of time. The reserve uses compositions that should not be heated or melted.

Before starting to work, the wizard needs to create a workspace. The place must be well ventilated, for example, a balcony or loggia. And all due to evaporation of the reserve, which have a negative impact on the human body.

Next, you will need to prepare the necessary tools:

  • pencil;
  • reserve;
  • Glass tube for applying the reserve;
  • Copy brushes;
  • Buttons with a subframe;
  • The fabric (the most suitable will be silk).

By choosing a suitable drawing, the master must be transferred to paper as a template. The entire contour of the image should be closed. The subsequent application of the reserve must be done without delay, but not to rush. To prevent errors, it is proposed to familiarize yourself with the correct sequence of actions.

  • Initially chosen to work the canvas must be used, pull on the subframe.
  • A redundant substance is recruited into the glass tube, after which it is applied to the sketch contour.
  • To increase the number of shades on the palette, it will be necessary to dilute the same color with different amounts of water. To create them in large quantities, you can use small jars from yogurt or disposable cups.
  • When applying paints, it is important to initially apply light tones with a smooth transition to dark shades.
  • After applying the paints to the surface of the finished image, it is necessary to pour a bit of salt, give the paints to dry, after which they shake the salt sand and remove the cloth from the subframe.
  • After the end of the coloring works, the remnants of the reserve from the tube must be removed, otherwise it hardens.
  • A day later, the fabric should be boiled, then to stretch in warm water.
  • When ringed into the water, it is necessary to add some vinegar. Then squeeze the material from the water and stroke.

Hot batik

The painting on everyday clothes looks not just beautiful, but extremely effectively. Artists who want to transform their wardrobe must carefully examine the technique of hot batik. This method is very convenient, since it does not require painstaking work with staining individual pieces of the canvas. Many creative personalities, wanting to have unique things that have no analogues, initially buy the cloth, then deactivate the cloth, and after sewing clothes out of it.

The only thing to be caution is working with molten wax. The rest uses the most standard tools. The most suitable fabric - cotton, wool or silk.

An important stage of work is to prepare instruments.

  • matter;
  • paper stencil;
  • paints;
  • glass;
  • Changing;
  • brushes;
  • cellophan and newspapers;
  • hair dryer and iron;
  • wax.

Before you start creating a masterpiece, the master must be changed into a working form.

  • First you need to take checking. It resembles a miniature can with a thin spout. Although it is much more convenient to use a thin pile brush, thanks to which it turns out to be smooth drops on the canvas. And only after the painting composition is used.
  • Further applies paints . If necessary, you can re-apply the wax on some areas of the working surface and paint in different compositions in composition.
  • After drying, the paint should be removed. To do this, it is necessary to put the canvas on newspaper paper and stroke it with an iron. Then change the newspaper sheet and try again.

This procedure must be carried out until fulfilling the wax reserve.

Free painting

The most common today is the free painting with soaking in the saline fluid. The peculiarity of the technique is that the stretched tissue must be soaked in water-salt liquid, after which the painting composition is applied to it. Draw such beauty is one pleasure, since the finished result will have to taste even the most pressing artists. To understand the subtleties of free painting, it is proposed to study several options for its execution. First you need to prepare work supplies:

  • dyes on aniline basis;
  • saline liquid;
  • silk canvas;
  • sketch;
  • brushes;
  • pencil.

Beginner masters first will be gathering to prepare a salt liquid. To do this, take a few tablespoons of salt and dilute it in a glass of hot water. But here there is an important nuance - a hot liquid must be pouring into an enameled container or glassware so that it is more convenient to stir, and after applied to the fabric. Then the pencil is made of the prepared image of the canvas.

  • In the first case You should familiarize yourself with wet painting. Before starting work, the fabric is impregnated in saline water, and then without waiting until the fabric gets up to work. By the way, even for diluting the coloring agents it is necessary to use salted water. When applied, the drawing should be used a wide brush and make coarse strokes. Thanks to this, the drawing will receive an unusual design.
  • In this case, the painting on semi-dry matter is supposed. At a time when silk is still slightly humid, the crystalline salts arise on it, thanks to which the coloring composition is not spreading in different directions, although a bright trail remains from the tassel, which after a while slightly spreads a little. This method is ideal for creating imitation of natural contours.
  • The third way tells about working with dry matter. After the canvas dries, the tissue becomes crisp, and the coloring substance is only slightly spread over its surface. The drawing procedure should be continued by applying rare smears.

Original ideas

To date, all work done by hand, for example, knitted things or embroidery on the fabric, are very expensive. The same applies to the canvases created in the batik technique. The creator of a colorful masterpiece puts a lot of time and time in his works, is it worth talking about materials and tools.

But despite the factor of high costs, every person with great pleasure will acquire for himself a shirt or a handkerchief with the "Hand Made" print.

In the first case, it is proposed to consider the finished canvas performed in the Cold Batik technique. Each brush stroke is accompanied by a smooth transition from dark to light shades. With a careful consideration, a clear line of reserving composition is viewed, thanks to which the boundaries in each pattern of the pattern are present. The background part of the handker is executed in the most unusual and smooth transitions of light palette tones, with which the artist worked not one hour.

People who do not have artistic education will not be able to find the difference between the technicians of a cold and hot batik. This will be able to make only the sophisticated masters of their business. In this case, it is proposed to consider the version of the drawing drawn up in the technique of hot batik. His main distinguishing feature is the possibility of using the finest wax lines that are barely noticeable on the finished picture.

The third version of the work is made in free technique. And it can be seen with a naked eye. Looking at the flower, in thoughts immediately arises the silhouette of the artist, which neat smears cause painting compositions on the canvas. A saline, used in operation, only helps create smooth transitions between similar colors.

The most difficult in this case was to portray the water balance between the waves as far as the conversion in the foreground.

In the next video you can familiarize yourself with the secrets of the experienced master when creating painting.

What is battles definition. How batik is created

The process of creating a real Yavansky batik is very complex and takes a lot of time. It is performed on thin cotton fabric (it is ideal for applying wax), which for the beginning is prepared for painting: over the course of several days they are soaked in water, whiten, erased and dried. Then prepare a special composition for redundancy - to conventional wax, which works very quickly, add different plastic substances - the wax of small black bees or a dormsary resin. Men prepare for painting traditionally do, and then work goes into tender female hands.

The craftswoman sits down to the frame tight on the frame, and a special tool - captain - draws a drawing. Changing looks like a small copper chairs with a long thin spout on a long wooden handle. Next to the craver is a focus on which there is a container with molten wax. Changing she scratches the wax and how the brush is drawing a drawing on the fabric. Experienced masters do not use preliminary drawings - they apply a pattern to clean tissue.

After applying wax, the fabric is descended into the dye solution. Places where the pattern is applied, remain white, and where there is no wax, - painted. The tissue succumbes and again stretches on the frame for applying wax. Then it is immersed in the dye, but already darker tone. Such operations are made to 10 and, accordingly, it takes a lot of time - from several days to several months.

The Indonesian classic batik is very restrained in color - all shades of blue and brown. This is due to both the features of the technique itself (staining from light to dark) and the presence of natural natural dyes - tropical extension shrub (saturated blue) and Cora plants - (brown). Less often was used and red - purple - which was mined from sea buchelih mollusks-iggsanok. But he was very expensive and appreciated literally on the weight of gold due to the high cost of the dye (to get 200 grams of paint, it was necessary to get about 30 thousand mollusks) and therefore fabrics painted by purple could afford only the royal pains could afford.

Currently, manual painting technique on Java is almost completely displaced by a chap or check-printing. Openwork, from the finest wire stamp lowered into molten wax, and then tightly pressed to the fabric. Wax lines are thus imprinted on fabrics. The resulting pattern is poured with dye. It is clear that the batik made so quickly is much cheaper.

What is stained glass window. The meaning of the word & laquatrate "

    Stained glass, - and -a, m. Picture or pattern of colored glasses (in windows, doors, etc.). The rays of the January sun peeling the stained glass colored glasses. Nikulin, Russia's faithful sons.

Source (Print version): Dictionary of the Russian Language: in 4 tons / wounds, Institute Linguistich. studies; Ed. A. P. Evgenaya. - 4th ed., Ched. - M.: Rus. Yaz.; Poligraphressurs, 1999; (electronic version): Fundamental electronic library

  • Stained glass window (Fr. vitre - window glass; from lat. Vitrum - glass) - view of monumental art, artwork of fine decorative art or ornamental character from stained glass, designed for end-to-end lighting and intended for filling the loot, most often the window, in any Architectural constructions. For a long time, the stained-glass window was used in the temples. In the early Christian temple, the windows were filled with thin transparent plates of stone (alabasra, selenitis), of which they made a ornament. In Romanesque temples (France, Germany), plot stained glass windows appeared. Multicolor, large in size of stained-glass windows from a variety of glass-shaped, fastened with lead jumpers, were a feature of gothic cathedrals. Most often, gothic stained glass windows depicted religious and household scenes. They were placed in huge string windows, and in the so-called "Roses" windows. In the era of the Renaissance, the stained-shop has existed as painting on glass, the scraping technique was used on a specially painted multicolored glass. In Russia, stained-glass windows existed in the XII century, but they were not a characteristic element of the decoration of the interiors of Russian homes. In the present, in construction, under the concept of stained glass, often They mean the translucent facade.

What is a hot batik. Hot batik technique

The hot batik is known as the tissue painting technique, the traditions of which roots go deep into the centuries. Even in antiquity, a resin or heated wax was used to create patterns on the tissue. They applied the composition to the sections that are not subject to staining, and after the entire cut lowered into the container with the dye.

What is battles definition. How batik is created

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As a result, a white drawing was obtained on a painted background. The hot bat technique was distributed in China, in Japan, on Sri Lanka and in many African countries. Traditionally, the hot bat was used exclusively cotton fabric and beeswax. These days are so painted and silk, and the composition based on paraffin or stearin is used as a reserve. Some foreign paint manufacturers offer cold wax to work in such a technique.

Technology feature

The fundamental difference of the equipment of the hot batik from the cold is that the redundant composition (or wax) can be applied to the fabric not only the line, but also the stain. The line does not have to close, because the basic function of wax is to protect certain parts of the tissue from staining, and not limit the spreadability of paint.

Single-layer and multi-layered hot batik

Melted wax can be applied to the fabric in one layer. This method is called single-layer.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 01

pixabay.com.

If the layers are two or more - this is a multi-layer hot batik.

Principles of work on a single-layer and multilayer battle are similar, differences only at the final stages of painting.

Preparatory stages in hot batik technique

In operation with the equipment of the hot bat, there are several preparatory stages.

Sketch development

Possible contour, stained or mixed sketches.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 02What is battles definition. How to create batik 03

pixabay.com.

Sometimes work can be performed without sketch. For example, if the pea pattern is applied to the fabric, some arbitrary lines, a simple geometric print or uncomplicated silhouette pictures is conceived.

Selection of color gamma

It is thought out at the preparation and color decision. When working in the technique of a single-layer hot batik on the surface, not protected by wax, the paint flows freely from one site to another. Therefore, they advise to select a harmonious color gamut, beautiful combinations and complementary shades. Work can be performed within the same color using light and dark shades.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 04

Art-Home.ru.

With a multi-layer method, select the color gamut must be based on the fact that the subsequent layer of paint will be applied to the already painted area. It is important to understand what color should turn out when applying several layers on each other. And also to take into account that the paints for the batik when mixing do not always give the expected result. Often when mixing red and green paints, for example, the company "Marabu" is obtained purple, and not brown color. Therefore, before starting work, the combination of colors is checked on the sample.

Preparation of fabric

Fabric before work must be deguted. To do this, it is erased, which warns the subsequent shrinkage. The rule works for any batik technology. After the material is stretched to the subframe. Some masters for greater elasticity fabric are wetted.

Preparation of workplace

The working surface is protected by covering the film.

The subframe is horizontal.

If the subframe is large, it is installed on special goats.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 05

STYLEPARK.COM.

The main stages of work

Fabric sketch

To transfer the sketch, use the disappearing marker for the fabric or the washed pencil. Graphite traces can stay at the finished work.

If the accuracy in the movement of the sketch is not so important, it can be placed under the fabric and apply wax on fuzzy contours.

Reservation of wax

The wax is applied to fix the natural color of the fabric, that is, the paint does not penetrate the reserved areas. Work begins with the brightest shade. If it is white, then they simply reserve a clean cloth. When the most light color in the palette is not white, the wax is already applied to the pre-painted and dried fabric.

Tools and receptions for applying wax

The wax is applied only on dry cloth with a brush, foam roller, stamp, chunting. It is possible to use and pin - an electrical tool supporting inside a constant temperature. Many masters freely pour wax to fabric from any convenient capacity. It is applied with drops, line, stain, use stencils.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 06

etsy.com.

Preparation of wax to work

Before applying the wax, you need to warm up well so that it impregnates the fabric. It is better to heat it in a water bath (this eliminates overheating) and on the electric stove - on the gas wax can ignite.

Before working, the degree of heating is checked on the sample.

If he is heated well, the wax will impregnate fabric through, and in the application zone, the cloth will take a little, while remaining transparent to the lumen.

If the wax remained on the surface of the fabric of a white opaque drop, then the temperature is insufficient and need to continue the heating.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 07

What is a cold batik

Batik is a tissue painting technique. There are several varieties of this decorative and applied art, differing in complexity, is a nodule (the easiest), hot (the most complicated) and cold batik. In this article we will tell you about the last.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 08

A cold batik is a technique of which a special reserving composition is used, which limits the spreading of special paints on the surface of the material. Hand-written fabric was valued at all times. Therefore, this type of art is in demand and popularity.

Batik Cold is based on the fact that all forms of the picture have a contour closed stroke. This technique gives a peculiar appearance and nature of the pattern. To apply the contour lines to the fabric, use a special tube of glass. She has a thin curved end and a tank, which is located closer to the working part. The latter is a thickening of the spherical shape and serves to a set of reserving composition. The walls of the curved end of the tube must be thin, since the width of the contour depends on the diameter of the hole, and on the thickness of the tube itself.

What is needed for classes

1. Acrylic or water-soluble paints. The first is more similar to the gouache - it is the coating paints. And water-soluble is well used for gentle and thin tissues. There are also paints that are fixed using an iron.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 09

2. Contours can be bought in the same place where paints. They come in different colors, as well as with effects - with sparkles or with a pearl reflections. The contour can be done at home.

3. The glass tube is useful for applying the contour (reserving composition) on the fabric. The smaller the diameter, the thinner there will be an applied line.

4. Buttons will be needed in order to pull the tissue on a special frame. For silk and other thin fabrics, it is better to use either the buttons with a thin edge, or special three-dimensional.

How to make a cold batik and what to pay attention to

For a high-quality circuit, the angle of tilt tube is of great importance - 135 degrees. If it is to keep under a more stupid angle, then the pressure of the reserving composition will increase. And this threatens an unexpected spreading of a liquid on the surface of the fabric. At the beginning of the line and in places of slower movement there may be drops. For this reason, the tube should be monitored evenly, and at the beginning of its work it is necessary to lower it to the fabric so that the drop is not formed.

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 10

Cold batik - the occupation is not so simple. Therefore, the tube from the surface of the fabric, it turns over the spout, after which the redusering composition leaves it.

At the same time, the other end of the batik tube should be slightly raised. This is necessary in order for the composition not shed. After the contour is drawn, the drawing gives to dry.

It is worth considering that for twenty-four hours, the reservoir liquid on the tissue must quickly dry.

Pouring parts of the picture can be made using brushes, cotton swabs or tubes.

It should pay attention to the fact that both small and large areas are evenly covered with paint. Otherwise they will be different tones, or divorces will appear on them.

Cold batik, master class on which is presented in this article - this is an exciting occupation. Thanks to him, you can create beautiful and unique products.

What is a chasenka. Checkanka

What is battles definition. How to create a batik 11

Stamps and machine for chasing coins of the XIX century

The chasing is the technological process of manufacturing pattern, inscriptions, images, which consists in knocking out on a plate of a certain relief. One of the types of decorative and applied art.

It is one of the variants of metal artistic processing.

The technique of chasing is used when creating dishes, decorative panels, various jewelry.

The relief on the sheet metal is created using specially manufactured tools - checks and fruit hammers, which are manufactured from both metal and wood.

For chased works, such metals are used as brass, copper, aluminum and steel with a thickness of 0.2 to 1 mm, in some cases gold and silver.

The relief or drawing can be minted, putting a metal sheet on the ends of a birch or lime ridge, on felt, thick rubber, a tarpaulin bag with river sand, a layer of plasticine or resin. In some cases, the lead slab is more comfortable.

The coinage coin is characterized by the creation of the relief on the metal surface is often greater thickness than with artistic chasing (more than 1 mm). It is carried out by strong blows a stamp - Punson, having in-depth images and inscriptions. For accuracy and sufficient strength, special machines are used.

The process of artistic chasing completes the decorative finish.

What is ceramics. Value of the Word & LaQuramics

Source (Print version): Dictionary of the Russian Language: in 4 tons / wounds, Institute Linguistich. studies; Ed. A. P. Evgenaya. - 4th ed., Ched. - M.: Rus. Yaz.; Poligraphressurs, 1999; (electronic version):

  • Ceramics (Dr. Greek. Έέραμος - clay) - Products from inorganic materials (for example, clay) and their mixtures with mineral additives, manufactured under the influence of high temperature, followed by cooling. In a narrow sense, the word ceramics denotes clay, past the firing Ceramics was used as clay dishes or from her mixtures with other materials. Currently, ceramics are used as material in industry (mechanical engineering, instrument making, aviation industry, etc.), construction, art, is widely used in medicine, science. In the XX century, new ceramic materials were created for use in the semiconductor industry and other areas. The modern high-temperature superconducting materials are also ceramics.

Video Project Made in Oren - Batik

Batik is the art of drawing on the tissues. Initially, the patterns were applied to several steps, spending even a simple painting for several months. Over time, faster and simple techniques that give different effects were invented. They allow you to give even the most simple things the original look.

Batik

What is batik

Batikov call a number of equipment application techniques on fabric. The method of decorating materials is used both in the home and in factory conditions.

Traditional technique involves reservation. This means that before starting to draw paints, a backup composition is applied to the contours of the picture, which holds the dye at the right limits.

The reserving mixture contains a substance that repulsion dye (wax, gasoline, paraffin). With it, it is possible to calculate the material with complex patterns with any number of clear parts.

After drying, the print from the contours is cleaned and wash out the substance. It turns out a bright multilayer pattern with clear boundaries.

This method of decoration is suitable for different types of material. It is used to reflect everyday clothes, home textiles, decorative image elements.

Mankind began to draw on fabrics for a very long time. The first samples were made in ancient Egypt 4 thousand years before our era. Suchmers, African tribes, residents of the Ancient East and other peoples of antiquity were used this technique.

Despite the ancient origin of the art of drawing on the tissues, it is believed that residents of the Indonesian Island of Java became the founders of the batik. It is there that the textile canvases decorated with the most persistent and complex patterns, applying wax as a reserving composition.

Ancient masters spent on the manufacture of one drawing from several months to several years. This is due to the fact that the process consisted of a certain number of stages.

The master was supposed to soak, boil, whiten, dry matter, make a pattern of pattern, applied melted wax on the contours (the wax quickly froze, and it was constantly drowned again), smoke the cloth, and then dry it. Natural dyes were applied on a product in several layers. This process occupied a lot of time.

Baltic secrets were transmitted from generation to generation. The disciples began painted with plant uncomplicated prints, and when they were mastered, they moved to landscapes and seizures on the fabric of the plots of famous myths.

Interestingly, identical patterns written by different masters looked absolutely different.

Long such fabrics were expensive and only known were available. In the pattern on clothing, it was possible to determine which family and class belongs to a person.

Later, the batik began to use both a simple people, but it was forbidden to copy the ornaments of noble families. Each girl was supposed to decorate to the wedding of the handkerchief, which were tied up hands of young. The brides tried to collect in dowry as many things decorated with a battle.

In the seventeenth century, Indonesians began to sell their work in Europe. Europeans liked the pictorial materials so much that to facilitate the work of the masters, they invented batik font. This device has not allowed the wax for a long time.

In the nineteenth century, perfrols were invented, allowing ready-made sketches onto the canvas. At this time, the batik spread everywhere.

Tips for beginners:

Baltic varieties and technology

The batik is the total name of several techniques for applying patterns on the fabric. The species of this art were invented by various peoples at different times.

Hot batik

Hot batik - Fabric drawing technique, which is as close as possible to the method used by Indonesian masters. The ancient technology involves the use of hot melted wax as a redundant composition.

Wax, applied by checking on the contours of the pattern, quickly freezes, not giving paint to penetrate its borders. Dyes are applied to the fabric in several layers. After the drawing is driving, the wax composition is removed from the material. To do this, gasoline is used or stroke the canvas iron through the newspaper.

This method is used for drawing on cotton matter. It also applies for linen and denim.

To view the video:

Cold batik

Cold batik is a more modern way to manually deactivate fabric. In this case, cold reserving formulations are used.

The reserve for a cold batik can be thick and liquid. Thick substances are made on the basis of rubber, and liquid - based on wax. There are not only colorless, but also pigmented mixtures that allow you to create a color circuit.

Cold compositions are poured with an even line on the boundaries of the parts with a special tube. Inside the patterns are painted by several layers of dyes. Figures are obtained with the most clear contours.

The method is suitable for silk and other thin materials. After completing the painting, the product is left for a day, and then erased in soapy water manually.

See video sequence:

Free painting

Free painting does not imply the use of reserving composition. In this case, paints are applied to a cloth in one layer. Usually, the technique is used to decorate fabrics by a plant print.

With free battle, the boundaries of the patterns are obtained blurred, and the drawing itself is translucent. This technique looks good on silk, translucent synthetic materials.

Master class on video:

Nodule batik (Bandan)

To work in the technique of a nodule bat, it is not necessary to have the skills of the artist. The fabric or finished product is tied in several nodules with a thread.

Each nodules dip or impregnate with dyes of different colors. After drying, the nodules are unleashed, matterium with bright color divorces is obtained. If you correctly pick up shades, then the beautiful degrad effect is the smooth transition of shades from one to another.

Batika method was used by African tribes. The subculture of hippie introduced into fashion. The nodule method is applicable for any soft materials.

See the method:

Printed batik

The printed batik involves the use of stamps from cardboard, wood, plastic, etc. The stamp dipped into the paint and presses to the fabric. Some details can be drawn manually.

See how the technique is performed:

Sibori technique

Another batik method that does not require the drawing skill. When using it, matterium is covered with colored divorces of different intensity. Suitable for soft tissues.

To perform a batik Sibori, MNUT material, twisted and tie. Some places you can bind buttons, figures, herbs that will leave the imprint. Then immersed in the coloring composition. Deploy the cloth only after complete drying.

If you wish, you can repeat the procedure, dipping another color into the dye. In this case, the fabric will have multi-colored divorces.

Sibori.

Sibori patterns

Scope of the batik

Batik is used to enjoy interior. Beautifully described in this technique of bedspreads, sofa pillows, wall panels, bed linen, etc. Such details make the interior easier and refined.

Clothes are also painted manually. Patterns are applied on blouses, dresses, cervical and handkerchiefs.

How to make batik

For tissue painting, you must purchase a number of instruments. Below is a list for beginners:

  1. Stretcher. The subframe is a device on which the painted fabric is fixed. Professional products are adjustable in size. Some masters use ordinary hoops. It is possible to make a subframe on your own, tagging 4 wooden planks in the form of a frame.
  2. Brushes. Previously, bird feathers used for batik. Now apply special brushes. It is important that they are high-quality, with a smoothly rodeted pile, without falling hairs. Once having spent on high-quality brushes, they can work for several years.
  3. Paper. Before making a sketch on the material, it is drawn on fine paper. Its size should be equal to the size of the patterns.
  4. Paints. Acrylic dyes are suitable for thick materials. For thin canvons, water-based dyes are chosen. Their advantage is that by adding different amounts of water, you can seek shades of different intensity.
  5. Glass tube. This is a ring with thickening in the center and a thin spout. Cold reserve is gaining into it. Through the spout, the redundant composition flows on the cloth. The thinner of the nose, the more subtle it turns out the contour.
  6. Changing. This is a device for wax reserving means. It has a wooden handle on which a metal tank for pouring molten wax with a sharp tip is attached.
  7. Wax reserve. This is a means to which contours in hot bats make. Wax is melted and used by destination. Sometimes it is mixed with paraffin.
  8. Cold contours. Apply in cold batter. Consist of water, gasoline, rubber masses or resins. There are transparent and color.
  9. Buttons. They fix the material on the subframe.
  10. Threads, ropes, stencils. Need for nodule batik.
  11. Written accessories. To apply drawings.
  12. Electric wax screamer. It always remains liquid wax.
  13. Phantom marker. It is used to apply a sketch to matter, disappears after coloring.
  14. Claws. Hold the foundation in the frame. Unlike buttons, does not leave holes in the tissue.
  15. Aerograph. Device for uniform spraying of dyes.

Step-by-step instruction of a cold batik for beginners

Usually beginners choose a cold batik. It is easy to execute and does not require many materials. You only need to follow the instructions:

  1. The canvas is attached to the subframe, pulling evenly. It draws a sketch with a pencil or handle.
  2. The reserve is gained in a special tube. It is applied clearly along the contour, not leaving breaks and free areas. At the end, the tube is washed.
  3. Details are painted with paints. To change the intensity of shades, they are bred by water. Start with light tones, smoothly moving towards the dark.
  4. A small amount of salt is poured into painted patterns. When the painting dry, the grace shakes. The canvas leave for a day.
  5. Materials are wicked in the soap solution, and then in water with a small amount of vinegar. When the tissue is dry, it is stroked through the newspaper.

Baltic Tabs

For batik, materials are suitable with a smooth surface. Most often paint the following fabrics:

  • silk;
  • viscose;
  • cotton;
  • linen;
  • jeans.

Tissue Review:

Batik - Name of a group of hand-painted tissue. Such art was invented thousands of years ago and still did not lose popularity. It is used to decorate clothing and home textiles.

Which technique do you like most? Share your work in the comments. Tell your friends about the article in social networks.

Batik is the art of tissue painting using redundant compositions. The word "Batik" of Malaysian-Indonesian origin, "Titik" in translation means "drop". Technique refers to the section of decorative and applied art. For all his varieties, a characteristic feature is that everything is performed manually, and the paint is applied to the fabric, taking into account the artistic plan. When applying the dye to the unprepared fabric, it spreads arbitrarily. And in order to "limit" the degree of spreading, the redundant composition is used, wax or mechanical fencing with the help of threads, harnesses and nodes.

The appearance of batik

Place the fabric began almost simultaneously with weaving. In the production of cloths, people sought to diversify and enrich the flower gamut. Therefore, together with a weaving pattern, various ways of manual applying paint on the fabric appeared.

The art of batik

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Distribution of batik

Motherland apparently believed to southeast Asia, and the very art of batik has existed over 2000 years. A nodule batik is the simplest of the technician, often meets from different peoples around the world. In Japan, a similar method of coloring of the fabric is called "Sibori" or "Chibori". His appearance dates 6-8 centuries. In West Africa, there are also ancient traditions on tissue staining in a nodule technique, their examples can be found in Gambia, Guinea, Congo, Senegal, Cameroon. Popular nodule technique and in India, where it is called "Bandhani. Examples of the use of hot batik are found among the peoples of ancient Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan. Indonesia is considered one of the largest centers for its development, Java Island.

Bachik technique

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Indonesian batik

Initially, this method was used exclusively for cotton fabric. It was treated in several stages before painting, including soaking, whitening and boiling. This attached the material uniformity and the necessary density.

First dyes

Used dyes of only natural origin. The color scheme did not differ in diversity. These were mainly warm brown shades from the color of ivory to dark brown. Brown pigment was mined from the bark of oak and walnut. Red - from the root of Marines, from Kermes and Koshenyli. Yellow and green gave various types of lichens. One of the most expensive plant dyes was considered Indigo, the raw material for which the Indigion of Krasya, Waid and Indigo Chinese was served.

Batik's creation process in Indonesia

The painting itself was a time-consuming process, Yavansky masters could spend on the manufacture of one outfit until several months. At first, hot wax was applied to the fabric, and then it was immersed in Chan with paint and dried. For each color, the coloring cycle was repeated. Started from the brightest shade and moved to darker. In general, there were no more than ten colors.

Batik in Europe

In Europe, the batik's technique spread at the beginning of the 17th century due to Dutch navigators. At that time, a large number of fabric painting workshops appeared, where stamps were used to increase labor productivity. Gutta composition was invented, thanks to which the Cold Batik technique appeared.

In the 19th century, synthetic dyes began to appear - they were especially active in the batik technique. However, the development of the manufactory industry led to a sharp reduction in manual labor products. Only artists continued to be engaged in the battle, and he secured as a type of decorative and applied art.

European batik technique

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Modern batik

Currently, masters around the world work in the batik technique.

Main technicians

  • Hot batik.
  • Cold batik.
  • Nodel batik.
  • Free painting.

Stages of painting

All technicians, of course, have their own distinctive features. And yet you can highlight the similar stages of the tissue painting.

  • Preparation of fabric. From this, any of the techniques begins. Task - remove from the surface of the pollution, the appearing composition and prevent the possible subsequent shrinkage.
  • Fastening the fabric on the subframe. Used for cold and hot batik. When working in nodule technician, the subframe is most often not needed.
  • Application of reserving composition according to the sketch. The technique of a novel battle on the tissue under reservation means the process of tying nodules.
  • Staining fabric.
  • Drying work and removal from the subframe.
  • Fixing the dye. A process that depends on the type of dye.
  • Registration of work. Stitching the edge of the shawl / scarf or the design of the panel in the baguette.

Modern materials

To date, a wide selection of materials helps very quickly and qualitatively master various battal techniques. The range of dyes are separated into two groups according to the method of interaction with the fabric, and most importantly - according to the method of fixation. So steamed dyes penetrate the fibers, and the dye "under the Iron" stains each fiber outside. Stability indicators of steaming dyes above.

Paint for batik

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  • Working with dyes "Under the Iron"

The process of fixing the dye "Under the Iron" usually lies in the coating of finished work from the wrong side within about 3 seconds. Such paints are considered paints for hobbies and more suitable for beginners. When buying, it is advisable to choose paints with a margin of "silk", they slightly deform the texture of the fabric. But it must be borne in mind that with multiple staining of the site, the ease and plasticity of the material is lost. Paints marked "Textiles" have high "hiding" and largely affect the texture. Therefore, they are more often used for painting T-shirts and sweatshops, and this is no longer called a battle.

  • Working with pair-plating dyes

The fixation of steamed dyes occurs when steam is exposed to tissue at a certain pressure. For this use professional bresters or autoclaves. Fixing dyes at home and without special equipment is possible. But this method requires the existence, otherwise the quality of the result is difficult to ensure. There are also dyes that are fixed using a special liquid - the retainer.

Fabrics for batik

To perform the batik, natural materials are used - cotton and silk, less often woolen.

Fabrics for batik

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There are dyes that allow you to persuade manually and synthetic fabrics.

When choosing matter, it is necessary to take into account that the type of weave and the density affect the process itself and the appearance of the finished product. So painting on medium and high density tissues will look brighter than on thin. Satin weave fibers characteristic of satin tissues provides a greater degree of "spreading" of the dye. The same effect on the atlas and a creet will be much different in definition.

Tools for batik

Paint is applied with brushes, cotton swabs, spraying cans, stamps and rollers. The choice of other tools depends on the technique. So for a cold batik, tubes or tubes for applying reserve will be used. For a hot bat, you may need Changing - a special watering can for molten wax. Either batik-pin - an electric wax application tool capable of maintaining its constant temperature throughout the entire workflow. For nodule technology, threads and rubber bands are used for free - ground.

Tools for batik

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Frame for batik

The painting of most techniques is performed on the stretched surface of silk. On the frame, the material is fixed using buttons or hooks. In specialized stores, you can purchase a sliding frame with hooks, the size of which is adjustable depending on the cut.

Decorative and applied batik function

Art painting on the fabric is a type of decorative and applied art. Manual fabric is used to create panels, clothes and accessories, as well as interior design. That is, the product will interact with the medium, and its main function is to decorate.

Decorativeness in working with a cloth is manifested by the following features:

  • items are often depicted stylized;
  • they are creatively rethought;
  • their dimensions, form and quantity are changed;
  • An image of objects in a simplified, planar form, without glare of reflexes and lighting;
  • At the same time, artists performed in a realistic manner are often found.

Decorative and applied batik function

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Decorative composition

The composition in decorative and applied art can be created using an ornamental pattern, as well as by styling sketches made from nature (still lifes, landscapes, portraits)

The main task of the composition is an emotional impact on the viewer. Often it does not carry the semantic load and when it develops to the fore, the expressiveness of the shape and color gamut is expressed.

Composite receivers

To impart this expressive, certain techniques are used.

When organizing the composition, two options are envisaged. The first is the release of the dominant, when all other elements are perceived as dependent, and their location is subject to the main element of the second - the vision as a whole, without the selection of individual items, when the elements lose their independence and constitute a single ensemble.

The composition must be balanced. That is, the position of each element in the composition is steadily and not accidentally. To establish equilibrium it is important to choose the right size, shape, direction and location of the elements.

Another major way to transfer composite expressiveness - rhythm. Depending on the location of the elements, the composition will either be static (symmetric location of the figures) or dynamic (asymmetric).

Rhythm in batik composition

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The role of color in the composition is also large. When selecting shades, it is necessary to consider which mood they will be in work. Conditionally, the colors are divided into cold and warm, and in the aspect of the composite solution this feature affects the spatial perception.

Despite some difficulties of working in a batik technique, it is increasingly gaining popularity. The painting has ample opportunities for use, and a variety of technician allows you to get an excellent result at first occupations.

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